On the Altai Territory
Altai Krai is located in the southeast of Western Siberia, on the border of mainland Asia in the 3419 km from Moscow. The territory is 168 thousand square meters. km, the area occupies 24th place in the Russian Federation and the 10th place in the Siberian Federal District.
The administrative center of the region - the city of Barnaul, founded in 1937.
In the north edge of the borders of the Novosibirsk Region in the east - the Kemerovo region, south-eastern boundary runs from the Republic of Altai, south-west and west - the state border with the Republic of Kazakhstan, whose length is 843.6 km.
The climate is continental temperate, formed as a result of frequent changes of air masses coming from the Atlantic, Arctic and Eastern Siberia and Central Asia.
Snow covers the average in the second half of November, is destroyed in the first half of April.
The main rivers are the Ob, Biya, Katun, Aley, Charysh.
The region has 17,085 rivers flows a total length of 51,004 km.
The region has about 13,000 lakes, of which over 230 - an area of over 1km2.
The total area of forest in the region is 4375.1 thousand hectares (26% of the total land area), including 3635.6 thousand hectares covered by forest
The region is mined coal, lignite, iron ore, manganese, chromium, titanium, vanadium, tungsten, bauxite, nickel, cobalt, complex ore, precious metals (gold, silver, platinum), scandium and rare earths, fluorspar, cement raw materials, gypsum.
Altai is famous for unique deposits of jasper, porphyry, marble, granite, mineral and drinking ground water, mineral healing mud.
In the salt lakes with considerable reserves of mineral raw materials for food and chemical industry: sodium sulfate, salt, natural soda, salt, magnesium and bromine.
The total area of land resources of the region is 15,799.6 hectares. Plowed land - 40.6%.
In the Altai region watered by 105.7 thousand hectares, 99.5 hectares - at the plow. The region has 8.5 hectares of drained land, the bulk is in the pastures - 7.3 thousand hectares.
The soil cover of the Altai region is very diverse, represented by thirteen types of soils, which are dominated by black earth, gray forest and chestnut soils, which occupy 88.5% of arable land.
The structure of gross regional product predominate share of industry, agriculture and trade.
The current structure of the industry is characterized by a high share of manufacturing (over 80% of total sales). The leading economic activities in the industry are the manufacture of food products, engineering products (wagon-, boiler-, Diesel generator, agricultural machinery, electrical equipment manufacturing), manufacture of coke, rubber and plastic products, and chemical production. In recent years the pace of industrial development region ahead of the all-Russia: the volume of production for the period 2009-2011 increased by 19.1% (in Russia - 2.7%).
Altay is one of the largest food producers in Russia. At the end of 2011 in the province produced 32.2% of the all-Russian grain, flour, meal and pellets of cereals, 15.6% of cheese and cheese products, 12.8% of flour from grain, fruit and vegetable crops, 5.3% butter and oil pastes.
Altay is a place in the Russian Federation on the sown area of grain and leguminous crops. In 2011 received the fifth in Russia in terms of grain harvest - 4.2 million tons. Altay - the only from the Urals to the Far East region, growing sugar beets. In 2011 received the highest over the past 15 years, the harvest of sugar beet - 570.8 thousand tons.
In terms of production of animal products among the subjects of the Russian Federation Altai territory traditionally ranks high. As a result of 2011 farmers produced 312.5 the edge of tons of livestock and poultry (8th place), 1165.6 thousand tons of milk (3rd place), 1055.1 million eggs (15th place).
Altai Region is at the intersection of transcontinental transit freight and passenger traffic in the immediate vicinity of the major raw material and processing regions. In the province crossed by the highways that connect Russia with Mongolia, Kazakhstan, the railway linking Central Asia with the Trans-Siberian Railway, the international airline. The favorable geographical position of the region and its high accessibility a great opportunity to establish strong economic and trade relations of interregional and international levels.
Recreational potential, combined with a favorable climate of southern West Siberia, rich in historical and cultural heritage provide an opportunity for the development of the Altai region of various kinds of tourism and sports and leisure recreation.
The policy of the Altai Territory is aimed at building the most favorable conditions for attracting investments: improving the forms of state support for business development of infrastructure (transport, energy), strengthening the economic position of the edge inside Russia and abroad, and law enforcement.
Source - the official site of the Altai Territory http://www.altairegion22.ru/